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Found in the body as well as in foods, vanadium is an ultra-trace mineral. While it is known to be essential for some animals, it has not been proven to be an essential mineral for humans.
Vanadium may have a role in building bones and teeth. It may also be needed for normal growth, fertility, and lipid metabolism.
Deficiency symptoms in animals requiring vanadium include growth retardation, bone deformities, and Infertility. Such deficiency symptoms have not been established in humans.
Less than 10 ?g daily is the estimated requirement.
Average diet provides 15-30 mcg daily.
Type II diabetes:
Safety information is limited. Synthetic forms of the mineral can be easily toxic. Long-term safety of large doses (100 mg) of vanadium has not been established. It is advised to exercise caution and moderation with use, and to seek medical supervision. Vanadium dust may be toxic to workers who are exposed to it. High blood levels of vanadium is associated with mani-depressive mental disorders, but this information is inconclusive (2).
Avoid taking vanadium with Chromium (including multi-mineral formulas featuring both minerals).
Vanadium is found in small amounts of various foods, including seafood, cereals, mushrooms, parsley, corn, soy, and gelatin.
1. Boden G, Chen X, Ruiz J, et al. Effects of vanadyl sulfate on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in patients with non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus. Metab Clin Exp 1996;45(9):1130-35.