The mental changes associated with senility include a progressive and irreversible decline in intellectual functioning due to organic disease. It may be exhibited by a loss of memory and sometimes childish behaviour. There may be a lack of ability to think clearly, definitive personality changes, impaired hearing and, ultimately, loss of independent living and control over the functions of elimination.
Whereas the physical changes associated with Aging occur in all individuals to some extent, evidence of psychological degeneration is not universal. In common usage, the term senility is applied only to mental Aging.
Ginkgo biloba (3)
Vitamin A (2)
Vitamin B12 (6)
1. Zhao XZ: Antisenility effect of ginseng-rhizome saponin, Chung His I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih, 10(10), Oct 1990, p 586-589.
2. Zamen Z, et al: Plasma concentrations of vitamins A and E and Carotenoids in Alzheimer?s disease, Age Aging, 21(2), Mar 1992, p 91-94.
3. Hopfenmuller W: Evidence for a therapeutic effect of Ginkgo biloba special extract -Meta-analysis of 11 clinical studies in patients with cerebrovascular insufficiency in old age, Arzneimittelforschung, 44(9), Sept 1994, p 1005-1013.
4. Hong GX, et al: Memory improving effect of aqueous extract of Astragalus membraneous (Fisch) Bge, Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih, 19(11), Nov 1994, p 687-688.
5. Lombardi GF: Pharmacological treatment with Phosphatidylserine of 40 ambulatory patients with senile dementia syndrome, Minerva Med, June 1989, p 599-602.
6. Sasaki H, et al: Vitamin B12 improves cognitive disturbance in rodents fed a choline-deficient diet, Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 43(2), Oct 1992, p 635-639.
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