Atherosclerosis is a condition characterised by deposits (plaques), within the walls of the artery. Although any artery may be affected - the aorta, the coronary and cerebral vascular systems are most frequently involved. The tissue area is deprived of vital oxygen and nutrient supply. If the artery involved supplies the heart, the result is a heart attack (myocardial infarction). If the artery supplies the brain, the result is a Stroke (cerebral vascular accident). These plaques consist largely of lipids (mainly cholesterol), connective tissue, and smooth muscle cells shed from the artery wall.
Due to the nature of this disease, it is usually not diagnosed until there is an interruption in the normal flow of blood. As the plaques increase in size over a period of years, they narrow the channel, progressively compromising blood flow. Complications due to atherosclerosis are responsible for more deaths in the UK than any other condition. Major risk factors for the disease include Smoking, Obesity, Stress and a lack of physical activity. Therefore, making the relevant lifestyle changes can markedly reduce the chances of atherosclerosis developing or at least delay its progression.
Evening Primrose Oil (2)
Fish Oil (3,4)
Vitamin A (Beta Carotene) (7)
Vitamin C (8,9)
Vitamin E (8)
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