Quest Vitamins LTD,
Chloride comprises about 0.15% of the human body weight. It is mainly found in cerebrospinal fluid and gastrointestinal secretions. In plasma and interstitial fluid, it helps maintain osmotic pressure and eletrolytic balance. Chloride is also contained within the bone in small amounts.
Chloride is necessary for the following:
Deficiency of chloride can result in metabolic alkalosis, an acid/base imbalance that results in an elevated blood pH. Symptoms include decreased ventilation, urinary pH change, and excessive Potassium elimination. Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis occurs when potassium levels are severely low. The disorder affects muscle function, respiration, swallowing, and can cause death. Infants that are fed chloride-deficient formulae are at most risk. Chloride deficiency causes the following symptoms: loss of appetite, lethargy, and muscle weakness.
No specific requirement has been established. Adequate Sodium intake (from table salt) should provide more than enough amounts of chloride.
No known toxicity has been established for chloride. Sodium chloride consumption should be decreased for people with congestive heart failure or Hypertension. 14 to 28 g of salt is excessive for normal individuals.
There are no known drug interactions or contra-indications for chloride.
Table salt, beef liver, cheese, clams, egg, ham, lobster, green olives, bread, chicken liver, dried beef, frankfurters, lamb liver, milk, oysters, peanut butter, canned salmon, sauerkraut, scallops, turkey liver, canned vegetables, pork, sardines, sausage, shrimp, tomato juice, veal liver.
1. Czanarin, DM. Minerals-Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy M.V. Krause and L.K. Mahan. W. B. Saunders Co, Phila, 1984.