Quest Vitamins LTD,
The most common cause of tooth loss in persons over thirty-five years of age, periodontal disease affects the supporting structures of the teeth, primarily the gums and the bones in which the roots of the tooth are embedded. Two forms of the disease are gingivitis and pyorrhoea.
Gingivitis is an Inflammation of the gums, whereby the gums bleed easily, and usually become red, swollen, and spongy. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrhoea, with gum destruction and loosening of the teeth. The advanced stage, pyorrhoea, consists of Inflammation of the gums and connective tissue, including a deterioration of the jawbone. Tooth loss is almost inevitable at this stage.
Treatment involves good oral hygiene, including flossing to remove food and plaque, and professional removal of calculus and inflamed tissues. Surgery may be required in severe cases.
1. Uhrbom E E and Jacobson L. Calcium in periodontitis: Clinical effect of Calcium medication. J Clin Periodontol 1984; 11(4):230-41.