Often discovered when a couple tries to conceive, infertility results in the inability to produce children by conventional methods. Usually the result of an asymptotic disease or condition, infertility is characterised in women by failure to ovulate, obstructed cervix or fallopian tube, or inactive egg cells. Infertile men either have a low sperm count, or weak/inactive sperm.
Although women have traditionally been blamed for infertility, the crux of the problem can be the male, female, or the particular combination of both. Some possible causes of infertility in women include Endometriosis, Coeliac Disease, high galactose consumption, untreated venereal diseases, or injury to reproductive organs. Sperm conditions can be the result of injury, disease, or prolonged elevated temperature of the scrotum.
Because so many factors in both the male and female affect fertility, trying to conceive can often be a Stressful and complicated process. Research in bioengineering, however, has made conception possible for many infertile couples. The much-publicised in vitro fertilisation, as well as use of stimulatory hormones, has achieved success for many infertile couples.
Black Cohosh (14)
B Complex (1)
Vitamin C (2,3,4)
Vitamin E (5)
B Complex (9,10)
Vitamin B6 (11)
Folic Acid (12)
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2. Fraga CG, Motchnik PA, Shigenaga MK, et al. Ascorbic acid protects against endogenous oxidative DNA damage in human sperm. Proc Natl Acad Sci 1991;88:11003-6.
3. Dawson EB, Harris WA, Teter MC, Powell LC. Effect of ascorbic acid supplementation on the sperm quality of smokers. Fertil Steril 1992;58:1034-39.
4. Dawson EB, Harris WA, Powell LC. Relationship between ascorbic acid and male fertility. In: Aspects of Some Vitamins, Minerals and Enzymes in Health and Disease, ed. GH Bourne. World Rev Nutr Diet 1990;62:1-26 [review].
5. Suleiman SA, Ali ME, Zaki ZM, et al. Lipid peroxidation and human sperm motility: protective role of Vitamin E. J Androl 17(5): 530-537, 1996.
6. Schrauzer GN. Benefits of natural Selenium. Anabolism 1988; 7(4): 5.
7. Netter A, Hartoma R, Nahoul K. Effect of Zinc administration on plasma testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and sperm count. Arch Androl 1981;7:69-73.
8. Marmar JL et al. Semen Zinc levels in infertile and postvasectomy patients and patients with prostatitis. Fertil Steril 1975:26:1057-63.
9. Werbach MR. Female Infertility. Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients 1995;Aug:34 [review].
10. Czeizel AE, Metneki J, Dudas I. The effect of preconceptional multivitamin supplementation on fertility. Internat J Vit Nutr Res 1996;66:55-58.
11. Kidd GS. The effects of Pyridoxine on pituitary hormone secretion in amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome. J Clin Endocrin Metab 1982; 54(4):872-75.
12. Dawson D and Sawers A. Infertility and folate deficiency. Case Reports, Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1982; 89:678-80.
13. Choi HK, et al: Clinical efficacy of Korean red ginseng for erectile dysfunction, International Journal of Impotence research, 7(3), Sept 1995, p 181-186.
14. Mowrey DB: The Scientific Validation of Herbal Medicine, New Canaan, CT, Keats Publishing, 1986, p 108.
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