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An Inflammation of the liver, hepatitis causes damage to liver cells. Commonly attributable to toxic or viral origin, hepatitic symptoms include nausea, fever, weakness, loss of appetite and jaundice.
Toxic hepatitis results from exposure to toxic chemicals, and is therefore not contagious. However, viral hepatitis can be highly contagious as it may be carried in the saliva, semen, urine, faeces, tears, and blood.
There is no medical treatment for viral hepatitis. Therapy is directed towards the prevention of transmission, sound nutrition, and rest to support regeneration of damaged tissue.
1. Houglum K, Venkataramani A, Lyche K, Chojkier M. A pilot study of the effects of d-alpha-tocopherol on hepatic stellate cell activation in chronic hepatitis C. Gastroenterology 1997;113:1069-73.